Scientific Articles and Summaries

Investigators at Silent Spring Institute have published their findings in numerous peer-reviewed journals and book chapters. Listed in reverse chronological order:

Osborne, G., R.A. Rudel, M. Schwarzman. 2014. Evaluating Chemical Effects on Mammary Gland Development: A Critical Need in Disease Prevention. Reproductive Toxicology, DOI: 10.1016/j.reprotox.2014.07.077 Commentary Press Release
Brody, J.G., S.C. Dunagan, R. Morello-Frosch, P. Brown, S. Patton, and R.A. Rudel. 2014. Reporting individual results for biomonitoring and environmental exposures: lessons learned from environmental communication case studies. Environmental Health. doi:10.1186/1476-069X-13-40. Article, Report-back Handbook Press Release
Rudel, R.A., J.M. Ackerman, K.R. Attfield, and J.G. Brody. 2014. New Exposure Biomarkers as Tools for Breast Cancer Epidemiology, Biomonitoring, and Prevention: A Systematic Approach Based on Animal Evidence. Environmental Health Perspectives. Fact Sheet , Article Press Release
Brody, J.G., M.L. Kripke, M.H. Kavanaugh-Lynch, J. Rizzo and M.R. Forman. 2014. Breast Cancer and Environmental Research. Science. Letter Press Release
Ackerman JM, Dodson RE, Engel CL, Gray JM, Rudel RA. 2014. Temporal variability of urinary di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate metabolites during a dietary intervention study. Journal of exposure science & environmental epidemiology. Article Press Release
Schaider L.A., R.A. Rudel, J.M. Ackerman, S. Dunagan, and J.G. Brody. 2014. Pharmaceuticals, Perfluorosurfactants, and Other Organic Wastewater Compounds in Public Drinking Water Wells in a Shallow Sand and Gravel Aquifer. Science of the Total Environment, 468–469:384-393. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.08.067 Article Press Release
Dodson, R.E., L.J. Perovich, A. Covaci, N. Van den Eede, A.C. Ionas, A.C. Dirtu, J.G. Brody, R.A. Rudel. 2012. After the PBDE phase-out: A broad suite of flame retardants in repeat house dust samples from California. Environmental Science & Technology. Fact Sheet , Article Press Release
Rudel, R.A. and L.J. Perovich. 2012. Accurate risk-based chemical screening relies on robust exposure estimates. Toxicological Sciences, doi:10.1093/toxsci/kfs143. Letter Press Release
Dodson, R.E., M. Nishioka, L.J. Standley, L.J. Perovich, J.G. Brody, R.A. Rudel. 2012. Endocrine Disruptors and Asthma-Associated Chemicals in Consumer Products. Environmental Health Perspectives, doi:10.1289/ehp.1104052     Fact Sheet , Article Press Release
Brown, P., J.G. Brody, R. Morello-Frosch, J. Tovar, A.R. Zota, R.A. Rudel. 2011. Measuring the Success of Community Science: The Northern California Household Exposure Study. Environmental Health Perspectives, 120:326–331. doi:10.1289/ehp.1103734 Article Press Release
Morello-Frosch, R., P. Brown, J.G. Brody, R.G. Altman, R. Rudel, A. Zota, and C. Perez. 2011. Experts, Ethics, and Environmental Justice: Communication and Contesting Results from Personal Exposure Science. Technoscience and Environmental Justice: Expert Cultures in a Grassroots Movement, eds. G. Ottinger and B. Cohen. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Book Preview Press Release
Rudel, R.A, J.M. Ackerman, R.E. Dodson. 2011. Dietary Intervention and DEHP Reduction: Rudel et al. Respond. Environmental Health Perspectives, 119:a380-a381. doi:10.1289/ehp.1103852R Article Press Release
Brody, J.G., R.A Rudel, M. Kavanaugh-Lynch. 2011. Testing Chemicals for Effects on Breast Development, Lactation, and Cancer. Environmental Health Perspectives, 119(8). doi:10.1289/ehp.1104077 Article Press Release
Rudel, R.A, S.E. Fenton, J.M. Ackerman, S.Y. Euling, S.L. Makris. 2011. Environmental Exposures and Mammary Gland Development: State of the Science, Public Health Implications, and Research Recommendations. Environmental Health Perspectives, 119(8). doi:10.1289/ehp.1002864 Article Press Release
Rudel, R.A, J.M. Gray, C.L. Engel, T.W. Rawsthorne, R.E. Dodson, J.M. Ackerman, J. Rizzo, J.L. Nudelman, J.G. Brody. 2011. Food packaging and bisphenol A and bis(2-ethyhexyl) phthalate exposure: Findings from a dietary intervention. Environmental Health Perspectives, 119:914-920. doi:10.1289/ehp.1003170 Article Press Release
Adams, C., P. Brown, R. Morello-Frosch, J.G. Brody, R. Rudel, A. Zota, S. Dunagan, J. Tovar, ­ and S. Patton. June 2011. Disentangling the Exposure Experience: The Roles of Community Context and Report-back of Environmental Exposure Data. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 52(2): 180-196. doi: 10.1177/0022146510395593 Article, Abstract Press Release
Dunagan, S.C., R.E. Dodson, R.A. Rudel, and J.G. Brody. 2011. Toxics use reduction in the home: Lessons learned from household exposure studies. Journal of Cleaner Production, 19: 438-444. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2010.06.012 Article, Abstract Press Release
Schaider L.A., R.A. Rudel, J.M. Ackerman, and J.G. Brody. 2010. Residential history and groundwater modeling. Environmental Health Perspectives, 118:a378-a378. doi:10.1289/ehp.1002444 Article Press Release
Rudel, R.A., R.E. Dodson, L.J. Perovich, R. Morello‐Frosch, D.E. Camann, M.M. Zuniga, A.Y. Yau, A.C. Just, and J.G. Brody. 2010. Semivolatile endocrine disrupting compounds in paired indoor and outdoor air in two northern California communities. Environmental Science & Technology, 44 (17), pp 6583–6590. DOI: 10.1021/es100159c Article, Supporting Information, Summary Press Release
Zota, A.R., A. Aschengrau, R.A. Rudel, and J.G. Brody. 2010. Self-reported chemicals exposure, beliefs about disease causation, and risk of breast cancer in the Cape Cod Breast Cancer and Environment Study: a case-control study. Environmental Health, 9:40. doi:10.1186/1476-069X-9-40 (Highly accessed) Abstract, Article Press Release
Brown, P., R. Morello-Frosch, J.G. Brody, R.G. Altman, R. Rudel, L. Senier, C. Perez, and R. Simpson. 2010. Institutional review board challenges related to community-based participatory research on human exposure to environmental toxins: A case study. Environmental Health, 9:39. doi:10.1186/1476-069X-9-39 (Highly accessed) Abstract, Article Press Release
Brody, J.G. 2010. Everyday Exposures and Breast Cancer. Reviews on Environmental Health, 25(1): 1-7. Article , Summary Press Release
Brody, J.G., R. Morello-Frosch, A. Zota, P. Brown, C. Perez and R. Rudel. 2009. Linking Exposure Assessment Science with Policy Objectives for Environmental Justice and Breast Cancer Advocacy: The Northern California Household Exposure Study. American Journal of Public Health, 99: S600-S609, 10.2105/AJPH.2008.149088. Article, Errata Press Release
Brody, J.G., R. Morello-Frosch, P. Brown, R.A. Rudel. 2009. Letter to the editor: Reporting Individual Results for Environmental Chemicals in Breastmilk in a Context That Supports Breastfeeding. Breastfeeding Medicine, 4(2): 121-121. doi:10.1089/bfm.2009.0006. Letter Press Release
Zota, A.R., R.A. Rudel, R.A. Morello-Frosch and J.G. Brody. 2009. Response to Comment on “Elevated House Dust and Serum Concentrations of PBDEs in California: Unintended Consequences of Furniture Flammability Standards?” Environmental Science and Technology, DOI: 10.1021/es9001482 Abstract Press Release
Morello-Frosch, R., J.G. Brody, P. Brown, R.G. Altman, R. Rudel, and C. Perez. 2009. Toxic Ignorance and Right-to-Know in Biomonitoring Results Communication: A Survey of Scientists and Study Participants. Environmental Health, 8(6). doi:10.1186/1476-069X-8-6 Article Press Release
Rudel, R.A., and L.J. Perovich. 2009. Endocrine disrupting chemicals in indoor and outdoor air. Atmospheric Environment, 43: 170-181. Article Press Release
Altman, R.G., R. Morello-Frosch, J.G. Brody, R. Rudel, P. Brown, and M. Averick. 2008. Pollution Comes Home and Gets Personal: Women’s Experience of Household Chemical Exposure. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 49(4): 417-435. Article Press Release
Zota, A.R., R.A. Rudel, R.A. Morello-Frosch and J.G. Brody. 2008. Elevated House Dust and Serum Concentrations of PBDEs in California: Unintended Consequences of Furniture Flammability Standards? Environmental Science and Technology, 42: 8158–8164. DOI: 10.1021/es801792z Summary , Article Press Release
Standley, L.J., R.A. Rudel, C.H. Swartz, K.R. Attfield, J. Christian, M. Erickson, and J.G. Brody. 2008. Wastewater-Contaminated Groundwater as a Source of Endogenous Hormones and Pharmaceuticals to Surface Water Ecosystems. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 27(12): 2457–2468. DOI: 10.1897/07-604.1 Article Press Release
Brody, J.G., R.A. Rudel. 2008. Environmental Pollutants and Breast Cancer: The Evidence from Animal and Human Studies. Breast Diseases: A Year Book Quarterly, 19(1): 17-19. Article Press Release
Rudel, R.A., L.M. Seryak and J.G. Brody. 2008. PCB-containing wood floor finish is a likely source of elevated PCBs in residents' blood, household air and dust: a case study of exposure. Environmental Health, 7:2. doi:10.1186/1476-069X-7-2 (Highly accessed) Article Press Release
Brody, J.G., R. Morello-Frosch, P. Brown, R.A. Rudel, R.G. Altman, M. Frye, C.A. Osimo, C. Perez, L.M. Seryak. 2008. Is it safe? – New ethics for reporting personal exposures to environmental chemicals. Perspectives in Medical Sociology, Fourth Edition, ed. P. Brown. Illinois: Waveland Press, Inc. , Press Release
Brody, J.G., R. Morello-Frosch, P. Brown, R.A. Rudel, R.G. Altman, M. Frye, C.A. Osimo, C. Perez, L.M. Seryak. 2007. Improving disclosure and consent: “Is it safe?”: New ethics for reporting personal exposures to environmental chemicals. American Journal of Public Health, 97: 1547 - 1554. Article Press Release
Brody, J.G., K.P. Moysich, O. Humblet, K. R. Attfield, G.B. Beehler, R.A. Rudel. 2007. Environmental pollutants and breast cancer: Epidemiologic studies. Cancer, 109 (S12): 2667-2711. Summary , Article Press Release
Rudel, R.A., K. R. Attfield, J. Schifano, J.G. Brody. 2007. Chemicals causing mammary gland tumors in animals signal new directions for epidemiology, chemicals testing, and risk assessment for breast cancer prevention. Cancer, 109 (S12): 2635-2666. Summary , Article Press Release
Brody, J.G., R.A. Rudel, K.B. Michels, K.P. Moysich, L. Bernstein, K. R. Attfield, S. Gray. 2007. Environmental Pollutants, diet, physical activity, body size, and breast cancer: Where do we stand in research to identify opportunities for prevention? Cancer, 109 (S12): 2627-2634. Summary , Commentary Press Release
Newton, E., and R.A. Rudel. 2007. Estimating correlation with multiply censored data arising from the adjustment of singly censored data. Environ. Sci. Technol., 41(1):221-228. ASAP Web Release Date: 07-Nov-2006; DOI: 10.1021/es0608444 Article Press Release
Brody, J.G., A. Aschengrau, W. McKelvey, C.H. Swartz, T. Kennedy, R.A. Rudel. 2006. Breast cancer risk and drinking water contaminated by wastewater: a case control study. Environmental Health: A Global Access Science Source, 5:28. (Highly accessed) Factsheet , Article Press Release
Swartz C.H., S. Reddy, M.J. Benotti, H. Yin, L.B. Barber, B.J. Brownawell, and R.A. Rudel. 2006. Steroid estrogens, nonylphenol ethoxylate metabolites, and other wastewater contaminants in groundwater affected by a residential septic system on Cape Cod, MA. Environ. Sci. Technol., 40 (16), 4894 -4902. Article Press Release
Brody J.G., J. Tickner, and R.A. Rudel. 2005. Community-initiated breast cancer and environment studies and the precautionary principle. Environmental Health Perspectives. 113(8): 920-925. Article Press Release
Rudel, R.A., E. Newton. 2004. Letter to the editor: Exposure assessment for decabromodiphenyl ether (decaBDE) is likely to underestimate general U.S. population exposure. Journal of Children's Health, 2(2): 171-173. Letter Press Release
Brody, J.G., A. Aschengrau, W. McKelvey, R.A. Rudel, C.H. Swartz, T. Kennedy. 2004. Breast cancer risk and historical exposure to pesticides from wide-area applications assessed using GIS. Environmental Health Perspectives. doi:10.1289/ehp.6845 Factsheet , Article Press Release
McKelvey, W., J.G. Brody, A. Aschengrau, C.H. Swartz. 2004. Association between residence on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, and breast cancer. Annals of Epidemiology, 14(2):89-94. doi:10.1016/S1047-2797(03)00120-0 Factsheet , Abstract Press Release
McCormick, S., J.G. Brody, P. Brown, R. Polk. 2004. Public involvement in breast cancer research: An analysis and model for future research. International Journal of Health Services, 34(4): 625-646.   , Press Release
Rudel, R.A., D.E. Camann, J.D. Spengler, L.R. Korn, J.G. Brody. 2003. Phthalates, alkylphenols, pesticides, polybrominated diphenyl ethers, and other endocrine-disrupting compounds in indoor air and dust. Environmental Science & Technology, 37(20): 4543-4553. doi:10.1021/es0264596. Factsheet , Abstract Press Release
Brody, J.G., R.A. Rudel. 2003. Environmental pollutants and breast cancer. Environmental Health Perspectives, 111(8): 1007-1019. doi:10.1289/ehp.6310 Article Press Release
Swartz, C.H., R.A. Rudel, J.R. Kachajian, J.G. Brody. 2003. Historical reconstruction of wastewater and land use impacts to groundwater used for public drinking water: exposure assessment using chemical data and GIS. Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology, 13(5): 403-416. Factsheet , Abstract Press Release
Gray, S.M. 2003. Looking for information: A survey of research on information seeking, needs, and behavior [book review]. Journal of the Medical Library Association 91(2): 259-260. Article Press Release
Brody, J.G., D.J. Vorhees, S.J. Melly, S.R. Swedis, P.J. Drivas, R.A. Rudel. 2002. Using GIS and historical records to reconstruct residential exposure to large-scale pesticide application. Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology, 12:64-80. Article Press Release
Kriebel, D., J. Tickner, P. Epstein, J. Lemons, R. Levins, E.L. Loechler, M. Quinn, R.A. Rudel, T. Schettler, M. Stoto. 2001. The precautionary principle in environmental science. Environmental Health Perspectives 109(9):871-875. Article Press Release
Rudel, R.A., J.G. Brody, J.D. Spengler. 2001. Identification of selected hormonally active agents and animal mammary carcinogens in commercial and residential air and dust samples [response]. Journal of Air and Waste Management Association 51:1388-1390.Not available online , Press Release
Rudel, R.A., P. Geno, G. Sun, A. Yau, J. Spengler, J. Vallarino, J.G. Brody. 2001. Identification of selected hormonally active agents and animal mammary carcinogens in commercial and residential air and dust samples. Journal of Air and Waste Management Association 51:499-513. Abstract Press Release
Beck, B.D., T.M. Slayton, E.J. Calabrese, L. Baldwin, R.A. Rudel. 2001. The use of toxicology in the regulatory process. Principles and Methods of Toxicology, ed. A. Wallace Hayes. Philadelphia, PA: Taylor & Francis.Not available online , Press Release
Brody, J.G. 2000. Environmental Issues. Handbook of Community Psychology, eds. Julian Rappaport and Edward Seidman. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum.Not available online , Press Release
Rudel, R.A. 2000. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, phthalates, and phenols. Indoor Air Quality Handbook, eds. J. Spengler, J. Samet, and J. McCarthy. New York: McGraw-Hill. Book Preview Press Release
Brody, J.G., R.A. Rudel, S.J. Melly, N.I. Maxwell. 1998. Endocrine disruptors and breast cancer. Forum for Applied Research and Public Policy 13(3):24-31. Article Press Release
Rudel, R.A., P. Geno, S.J. Melly, G. Sun, and J.G. Brody. 1998. Identification of alkylphenols and other estrogenic phenolic compounds in wastewater, septage, and groundwater on Cape Cod, Massachusetts. Environmental Science & Technology 32(7):861-869.Not available online , Press Release
Rudel R.A. 1997. Predicting health effects of exposures to compounds with estrogenic activity: Methodological issues. Environmental Health Perspectives 105(suppl 3):655-663. Abstract Press Release
Brody, J.G., R.A. Rudel, N.I. Maxwell, S.R. Swedis. 1996. Mapping out a search for environmental causes of breast cancer. Public Health Reports 3(6):495-507 Abstract Press Release